Building - Timbero

What you need to know when building a house?

Building

Accuracy and correctly chosen solutions are important when building a timber frame house. Our specialists will help you choose the most suitable solutions for your needs, from fundamental construction to interior decoration solutions.

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What is included in the basic set of a timber frame house?

In the construction of a timber frame house, everything starts from the wooden constructions of the house, which are manufactured in the factory, but assembled on site.

The basic set of a timber frame house includes:

  • Load bearing timber frame walls with insulation;
  • Inter-floor ceiling construction;
  • Roof construction with insulation;
  • Load-bearing structures, pillars, beans, ceiling constructions;
  • Lathing for roofing and external finishing;
  • Frame assembly works.

The construction work of a timber frame house is much faster, more efficient and more environmentally friendly than a masonry, brick or concrete house. The average production and assembly time of a basic set of a wooden house is 3-4 months.

 

Construction of foundations and their types

The foundations of the house are one of the most important stages in construction. The further construction process of the house, its operation and longevity depend on the quality construction of the foundation. In order for our engineer to determine the most suitable foundations for a particular structure, geological research is required. During the survey, a certified geologist drills some boreholes at the sites where the house is planned to be built and provides an opinion on the condition and bearing capacity of the soil.

Screw piles foundation

Resembling a large screw, screw piles are installed deep into the ground, beneath the ground freezing level, to solidly support the structure of your project. This is an advantageous alternative to form tubes and is less expensive than concrete foundations. Option for a simple and rapid installation, without excavating.

  • No damage to landscape or structures
  • Perfectly levelled structure
  • No delays between the end of the installation and the beginning of works
  • Ideal for restricted spaces
  • Possible no matter the season
  • Removable and reusable system

Pillar foundations

Basically, it is a series of vertical pillars or piles that transfer the building load to the soil. Beams are then built on top of these columns. Pier foundations work really well in sites where it might be difficult to dig a traditional foundation, such as around trees or complex root systems.

Strip foundations

Strip foundations – it is a concrete structure, which runs along the entire perimeter of the house. These foundations of construction under all load-bearing walls, maintaining the same basic cross-sectional area. Strip foundation construction technology is relatively simple compared to the screw pile foundations.

Slab foundations

A concrete slab foundation is a large, heavy lair, or slab of concrete that is ordinarily 4-6 inches wide in the innermost and cascaded directly on the ground all at one time. However, the concrete slab is commonly located on a slab of sand to develop drainage quality and to act as a buffer. A concrete slab does not have a channel beneath a building. This type of foundation differs from house foundations, quality of land condition, and basement requirements. The concrete slab foundation is most usually forged on the property that has been classified, as it should be. The soil must be qualified because if it’s not, the foundation could sink or settle due to poor soil compilation.

Engineering communications

Engineering communications are the technical systems needed to meet the needs of people and the normal functioning of a building. These include heating trips, electricity connection and water supply.

HEATING

The wood boiler has a relatively low cost, but it requires a separate room. With such a heating system solution, regular heating of the wood-fired boiler requires maintenance.

The pellet boiler has low installation costs. It is also possible to automate this system. Like a wood boiler, a pellet boiler will require regular maintenance and refilling. Today, compact pellet boilers are available, which fit very well into the interior of the house and are intended for small homes.

Gas boiler is one of the most popular types of heating in cities where gas connection is available. The gas boiler is relatively easy to install, has small dimensions and is easy to service. At the same time, gas costs fluctuate and heating costs can increase.

A ground source heat pump is a solution that will require more investment than the installation of other heating systems. It is a heating device that uses solar energy stored in the environment around in the soil, water reservoirs, borehole water and air – to produce heat. Heat production takes place without combustion, no ash, smoke or environmentally harmful gases are produced. Fuel does not need to be purchased or transported, so maintenance costs are very low.

An air-to-water heat pump is a relatively new type of heating that uses air, which is converted into energy to produce heat by means of a compressor. A heat pump is a device that uses the principle of operation of a refrigeration unit to transfer heat, only, unlike a conventional refrigeration unit, the heat pump operates in the opposite direction. Perhaps the process, which is difficult to understand at first, can be explained by a simple example – a home refrigerator that cools inside, but its outer back (black grate) heats up. By connecting the pipes, the home refrigerator will heat inside and cool outside. Due to the fact that this unit is equipped with a compressor, it will ensure low heating costs. The operating speed of the compressor varies depending on the required heat output. The installation of the equipment does not require excavation work, as in the case of a ground-source heat pump, and it will be possible to install this equipment within a few days. Heating costs are comparable to the energy costs of firewood and pellets.

HEATING SYSTEMS

Radiators this is the most popular type of heating system.

Warm floors – recommended for use in single-storey homes. Although in Scandinavia, for example, it is very popular to equip all floors of a house with them.

Combined heated floors and radiators – on the first floor of the house can be heated underfloor heating, while on the second floor radiators. This is one of the most efficient types of heating systems.

Warm air – for small houses, an air-to-air heating system can be installed, where the room is heated with the help of air. It is also possible to install pellet boilers with a fireplace, which provide heating with air, by blowing out the air shafts in each room of the house it is inflated with warm air.

WATER SUPPLY

Centralized water supply

The water supply system created in the house is connected to the city system.

Artesian well or borehole

An alternative way to get clean water suitable for household use. There are several advantages to such a water supply – Virtually inexhaustible water supplies and a long well life, cleaner water, even water supply, the well can provide relatively high water consumption.

Water supply well

The main advantage is its location at a relatively shallow depth, which significantly reduces installation costs. Water is taken from the well with the help of a pump and the home water system is supplied.

SEWERAGE

Centralized sewerage system

In this case, the sewer system is connected to the city sewer

Biological treatment systems

Biological wastewater treatment systems are recommended for use in densely populated urban areas. All domestic wastewater entering the treatment plant is biologically treated to the extent that there is water left over that can be discharged into open water bodies or into the ground.

Septic tanks

This solution will be cheaper than a biological treatment system. With this system, wastewater is treated from about 50-60%, which is not enough to discharge it into the environment immediately. Therefore, this system still needs a separate filtration field, which in most parts of Latvia is impossible to install, because the groundwater must be at least 2-2.5 m deep.

ELECTRICITY

Together with the architect, the number and location of the required sockets and switches are planned, according to which the internal electrical project is created.

 

LOW CURRENT

The low-voltage network depends on the customer’s wishes and is designed together with the architect.

  • Telephone, Internet, television;
  • Alarm

Thermal insulation

The correct choice of thermal insulation material and a high-quality insulation process are essential steps in calculating the power required for heating. These materials are used to insulate roof, ceiling, wall and floor structures and to fill joints to minimize heat loss.

Rock wool

The rock wool insulation board is based on natural stone basalt, diabase, gabbro, amphibolites and limestone shales. Rock wool can be formed as slabs or rolls of different density and thickness to insulate different structures. Rock wool is used to make lightweight panels for thermal insulation of walls, partitions, attics and roof structures and floors. Rock wool products are able to withstand high temperatures. The fibers do not melt even at 1000 ° C. Rock wool perfectly insulates sound and is also used in the creation of internal partitions for sound insulation.

Ecowool

Ecowool is a high-quality, breathable and heat-insulating building material used to insulate the walls, ceilings and floors of buildings. The ecologically clean and health-friendly product is made of waste paper, so paper or natural wood fiber ensures the material’s breathing and moisture regulation – and this is a guarantee of excellent thermal insulation. Ecowool is easy and quick to apply on horizontal, vertical and sloping surfaces, filling all gaps and providing excellent heat resistance. Ecowool is blown under pressure and its density reaches 55-60 kg / m3, thus eliminating the possibility of ecowool settling. Rodents and pests will not be allowed in homes insulated with eco-wool. The process of incorporating eco-wool is relatively fast and efficient, because there are no surplus materials, the customer pays for the actual amount of eco-wool used.

Wood wool

This material is made of wood, so choosing such insulation the house will be made of an even material that will help maintain the good properties of the wooden house – thermoregulation – keeping it cool in summer and warm in winter. This material has high thermal and sound insulation properties, it provides a healthy microclimate. The material is durable, resistant to shrinkage and compaction, as well as a health-friendly and anti-allergic material.

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