The wood boiler has a relatively low cost, but it requires a separate room. With such a heating system solution, regular heating of the wood-fired boiler requires maintenance.
The pellet boiler has low installation costs. It is also possible to automate this system. Like a wood boiler, a pellet boiler will require regular maintenance and refilling. Today, compact pellet boilers are available, which fit very well into the interior of the house and are intended for small homes.
Gas boiler is one of the most popular types of heating in cities where gas connection is available. The gas boiler is relatively easy to install, has small dimensions and is easy to service. At the same time, gas costs fluctuate and heating costs can increase.
A ground source heat pump is a solution that will require more investment than the installation of other heating systems. It is a heating device that uses solar energy stored in the environment around in the soil, water reservoirs, borehole water and air – to produce heat. Heat production takes place without combustion, no ash, smoke or environmentally harmful gases are produced. Fuel does not need to be purchased or transported, so maintenance costs are very low.
An air-to-water heat pump is a relatively new type of heating that uses air, which is converted into energy to produce heat by means of a compressor. A heat pump is a device that uses the principle of operation of a refrigeration unit to transfer heat, only, unlike a conventional refrigeration unit, the heat pump operates in the opposite direction. Perhaps the process, which is difficult to understand at first, can be explained by a simple example – a home refrigerator that cools inside, but its outer back (black grate) heats up. By connecting the pipes, the home refrigerator will heat inside and cool outside. Due to the fact that this unit is equipped with a compressor, it will ensure low heating costs. The operating speed of the compressor varies depending on the required heat output. The installation of the equipment does not require excavation work, as in the case of a ground-source heat pump, and it will be possible to install this equipment within a few days. Heating costs are comparable to the energy costs of firewood and pellets.
Radiators – this is the most popular type of heating system.
Warm floors – recommended for use in single-storey homes. Although in Scandinavia, for example, it is very popular to equip all floors of a house with them.
Combined heated floors and radiators – on the first floor of the house can be heated underfloor heating, while on the second floor radiators. This is one of the most efficient types of heating systems.
Warm air – for small houses, an air-to-air heating system can be installed, where the room is heated with the help of air. It is also possible to install pellet boilers with a fireplace, which provide heating with air, by blowing out the air shafts in each room of the house it is inflated with warm air.